By Rachel Nordlinger

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Extra resources for A grammar of Wambaya: Northern Territory (Australia)

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Apico-postalv. Lamino -palatal (retroflex) b (b) d (d) d(rd) j (j) n (n) m (m) r1. (m) P (ny) A (ly) 1 (l) 1, (rl) r/rt (rr) w (w) 4, (r) j (y) u (u) i (i). 1, the Wambaya phoneme inventory contains five places of articulation for stops including two apical series and one laminal series. There is a nasal corresponding to each stop articulation and a corresponding lateral at each non-peripheral place of articulation. There is an alveolar tap/trill and three semivowels: labio-velar /w/, retroflex /r/, and lamino-palatal /y/.

The reason for this could simply be the increased tolerance of imperfection that there is for beginners in the language, or it could reflect a more interesting fact about the phonology of the language and the relationship between these two series of consonants. Unfortunately there is little more that can be said given my limited data and research in this area. ) notes that in literacy writers of many languages also appear to be more tolerant of non-representation, or misrepresentation of retroflexion that of other contrasts, particularly when it is marked by means of a diacritic.

8% Laminais [j! 1% A striking feature of this table is the overwhelming predominance of peripherals in word initial position. In this sample of words, almost two thirds have an initial peripheral stop or nasal segment compared with just under a third that have an initial apical or laminal consonant. Aside from the peripherals, the only other segment which occurs in initial position in over ten per cent of the sample is the laminal stop /j/. The apicals are relatively infrequent, /d/ having the highest occurrence rate at just under 6 per cent.

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