By Erica Reiner

The aim of this examine is to give a considerable a part of the corpus of the Akkadian language within the type of a grammar. This grammar has approximately the subdivisions commonplace within the box of Assyriology, yet its association has profited from the grammatical types and outlines developed in present linguistic examine.

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A Linguistic Analysis of Akkadian

The aim of this research is to provide a considerable a part of the corpus of the Akkadian language within the kind of a grammar. This grammar has approximately the subdivisions known within the box of Assyriology, yet its association has profited from the grammatical types and outlines developed in present linguistic examine.

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5. 6. 7. 8. 9. /kumu:a/ /li:ab:it/ /i:ad:ar(u)/ /ahiraqar/ (compound) II, 56ff. -du /ma:a:du/ ta-ba-? -i-ru ~ mu-u-e-ru (Hitt. -ú-m(u) /du:um/ Between /i/ and /i/: di-i-? 10. Between /e/ and /i/: (Ass. 11. -a-ti ~ te-? 12. Between/a/and/e/: No certain attestations. 13. Between/i/and/e/: No certain attestations. 3. Notation of syllable boundary. Since we have established that the morphophoneme {:} or "syllable boundary" is always present between two dissimilar vowels, there should be no need for indicating this in our transcription (and especially not after the haphazard and inconsistent fashion of Assyriologists who sometimes do and sometimes do not insert an ?

2. STRESS Stress is not phonemic; this is indicated by the following considerations: While length is phonemic, and serves to differentiate morphemes (words), there are no cases where stress alone would differentiate two morphemes (words). , the syllable which contains a vowel plus length, a vowel plus consonant plus length, or a vowel plus two consonants); this coincidence of stress and long syllable may be characteristic of the native language of many Semitists and Assyriologists, or assumed for Latin and Greek as taught in European schools, but has never been shown to be characteristic of Akkadian.

Dentals, sibilants, high vowels, depend on the considerations applied in eliciting them from the contrasts supplied by the writing system. 4, I follow the principle of preferring a minimal range of distinctiveness. This principle contrasts with current practice in Akkadian phonology, which often moves on the allophonic level. This is evidenced not by the absence of the term "phoneme", because the terms used ("sounds", "Laute", "Sprachlaute"), following the accepted usage of the neogrammarians, are to be understood as standing approximately for "phoneme" ; rather, the allophonic level of work on Akkadian is apparent from the increasing number of studies in recent years which "discover" another and yet another "sound" in Akkadian.

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